High School Curriculum

The TWS High School offers a Waldorf curriculum and meets the requirements for the Ontario Ministry of Education High School Diploma (OSSD).

Curriculum content and class hours from TWS courses are matched to Ontario course requirements to determine equivalent credits. Biennial High School inspections include reviews of course content and preparation, teaching methods and standards. These reviews confirm TWS’ accreditation to issue OSSD.

TWS courses are presented in two formats:

Toronto Waldorf School Grade 9 Anatomy Main LessonMain Lessons offer an extended class in which material is presented and discussed, then reviewed. Each lesson has an Arts enhancement component to further support the learning. Each main lesson block lasts 3-4 weeks allowing for an intensive study of the subject.

Subject Lessons take place a number of times each week in shorter lesson periods, allowing for continuity throughout the year.

Main Lessons are a compulsory requirement of TWS education. In Grades 9 and 10 the curriculum is standard for most students with limited course selection choices (eg. performance options, languages, drama).

In Grades 11 and 12 more choices are possible as students may begin to direct their studies toward languages, sciences or arts. A balanced curriculum is still required, but more flexibility is possible in these years.

Grade Nine Main LessonsToronto Waldorf School Grade 9 Main Lesson Book

  • History of Drama
  • Discovering Geometry
  • History of Art
  • French
  • Human Anatomy
  • Canadian History
  • Organic Chemistry
  • The Novel in Literature
  • Thermodynamics

Grade Ten Main LessonsToronto Waldorf School Grade 10 Main Lesson Book

  • Epic and Romance
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Canadian Geography
  • Similarity and Trigonometry
  • The Power of the Word
  • Career Studies
  • People and their Computers
  • Geometric Optics
  • Human Physiology
  • Mechanics
  • Indigenous Studies

Grade Eleven Main LessonsToronto Waldorf School Grade 11 Main Lesson Book

  • Physics: Waves and Light
  • Medieval History
  • Projective Geometry
  • History of Music
  • Solutions and Solubility
  • Cell Biology
  • Physics: Energy and Electricity
  • Romantic Poets
  • Parzival (by Wolfram von Eschenbach)
  • Botany
  • Visual Arts

Grade Twelve Main Lessons

Toronto Waldorf School Grade 12 Main Lesson Book

  • Theories of Knowledge
  • Physics
  • Advanced Functions
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Visual Arts
  • Calculus and Vectors
  • Grade 12 drama production
  • Faust by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
  • History of Architecture
  • Media Studies
  • Biology: Homeostasis
  • Grade 12 Project

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Students also select some of the following:

  • French
  • German
  • Chemistry
  • Physics
  • Interdisciplinary Studies
  • Studies in Literature (English)
  • Drama
  • Civics
  • Business Studies
  • Health and Physical Education
  • Art (drawing, basketry, woodwork, metal and clay sculpture, off-loom weaving, bookbinding, painting, metalwork, visual arts, non-traditional arts)
  • Performance Arts (small ensemble singing, circus, wind and string orchestra, eurythmy, choir and stage design/ management /lighting /sound /costume design).
  • The selection of these options varies by grade.


In the first three years of High School there is also a work experience program:

  • Grade 9 students work on an organic or biodynamic farm for three weeks
  • Grade 10 in business and trade professions for two weeks
  • Grade 11 in social service.

Grades 9 to 11 ends with a compulsory class trip (part of the Physical / Outdoor Education program). Trips include flat and white water canoeing and kayaking. At the end of Grade 12, the class undertakes a community service-based trip.

Learn more about TWS High School